Annuals and perennials are two different types of plants based on their life cycle and lifespan.
- Life Cycle: Annual plants complete their life cycle within a single year. They germinate, grow, flower, produce seeds, and then die all within one growing season.
- Lifespan: Since annuals complete their life cycle within a year, they generally live for a few months.
- Growth Habit: Annuals tend to grow quickly and bloom abundantly during their short lifespan.
- Reproduction: Annuals reproduce by producing seeds, which are dispersed to grow new plants in the following growing season.
- Examples: Common annuals include marigolds, petunias, zinnias, and sunflowers.
- Life Cycle: Perennial plants have a longer life cycle compared to annuals. They can live for several years, with some perennials living for many decades.
- Lifespan: Perennials have the ability to grow, bloom, and produce seeds over multiple growing seasons.
- Growth Habit: Perennials often have slower growth rates and may take a few years to reach their full size and maturity.
- Reproduction: Perennials can reproduce by producing seeds, but they also have other methods of propagation such as underground rhizomes, bulbs, or runners.
- Examples: Some examples of perennials include roses, daylilies, daisies, and hostas.
It's worth noting that there are also biennial plants, which have a two-year life cycle. They typically grow foliage during their first year, then flower, set seeds, and die during their second year. Some common biennials include foxgloves, parsley, and hollyhocks.